Muhammad Safdar Bhatti1*, Rafia Mukhtar2, Shahla Bajwa3

1TEFL Coordinator, AIOU Bahawalpur, Pakistan, safdarbhatti2001@gmail.com

2Director, SAQE, Bahawalpur, Pakistan, saqe1994@gmail.com

3Instructor, SAQE, Bahawalpur, Pakistan, shahla.bajwa@hotmail.com

*Corresponding Author



The present research focuses on comparative study of the Secondary School Certificate (SSC) and the General Certificate of Education-Ordinary level (GCE-O level) English language course to trace out the problems and shortcomings of the curriculum objectives and teaching methods. The objectives of the study were to analyze the objectives of teaching English of SSC and GCE O-level to critically review the teaching methodologies of both the courses. The population of the study comprised of all the teachers and the students of SSC and GCE-O level of Bahawalpur region. The sample included the teachers and the students of 10th class & GCE (O level) only. A test was designed about Essay writing, Story writing & Comprehension skills. An observation sheet was also designed with the four-points rating scale for the teachers and the students as well. The researchers concluded that the teachers teaching O-level students followed student-centered and language-centered approaches which catered the interests and needs of the students. They ensured participation of the students in the learning process whereas in SSC, the teachers used to follow teacher-centered approach. The Grammar Translation Methods (GTM) was used to teach English language at SSC level students while the Direct and Activity-based methods were used to teach O-level students. The main recommendations were that the SSC curriculum needs to be revised and modified according to the students’ needs. The English language teachers at SSC level may also motivate the students to use authentic materials, pair work and group work in the classroom. The public schools may be equipped with libraries, language labs and audio-visual materials such as tape recorder, video-player, overhead projector, multi-media and such facilities may be properly used for improving the teaching learning process.

Keywords: Evaluating, effectiveness, teaching methods, motivate, learning process


CITATION: Abstracts & Proceedings of ADVED 2017 - 3rd International Conference on Advances in Education and Social Sciences, 9-11 October 2017- Istanbul, Turkey

ISBN: 978-605-82433-0-9