TRADITION OF CYNICISM: FROM ORIGIN TO NOWADAYS
Valentina Kudriavtseva1*, Yulia Tsiplakova2
1Assoc. Prof. Dr., Ural Federal University, RUSSIA, firstname.lastname@example.org
2Assoc. Prof. Dr., Ural Federal University, RUSSIA, email@example.com
Cynicism commonly is interpreted as a moral phenomenon. However this understanding of cynicism is not completed. It is necessary to analyze the tradition of cynicism as a philosophical and cultural phenomenon. The cynicism is especially popular during the periods of crisis, amid the breakdown of ideologies and religious doctrines. The tradition of cynicism is inseparable from the history of kynicism. Nowadays the philosophy of cynicism is widely spread in the Western world. In accordance with the philosophy of Peter Sloterdijk contemporary mass consciousness in the West is characterized by universal diffusive cynicism. In the opposition to diffusive cynicism Peter Sloterdijk develops an original philosophical theory called neokynicism.
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