GENDER-BASED SPECIFICS OF INTELLECTUAL CHARACTERISTICS OF TOP MANAGERS*
Tokareva Yulia1, Kovalenko Taisia2, Tokarev Alexandr3
1Professor of the Chair of Management of Human Resources and Psychology, Ural Federal University named after the first Russian President Boris Yeltsin, RUSSIA, firstname.lastname@example.org
2Associate Professor of Chair of Personnel management and Psychology, Ural Federal University named after the first Russian President Boris Yeltsin, RUSSIA, email@example.com
3Master student, Ural Federal University named after the first Russian President Boris Yeltsin, RUSSIA, firstname.lastname@example.org
*The work was supported by Act 211 Government of the Russian Federation, contract No: 02.A03.21.0006
Human resources practices give scientific credence for differentiation of management approaches, styles and behavioral patterns of male and female managers. It is proved that there are differences in social, psychological, and economic aspects of the management process for male and female managers. Although some gender studies are available, the question of comparison of intellectual characteristics of top managers still remains open. Such authors as T.I. Zaslavskaya, E.S. Balabanova, T.M. Dadaeva, I.A. Kovaleva and others insisted on mandatory consideration of management capabilities and skills of men and women. The objective of our research was to identify gender-based specifics of intellectual characteristics of top managers, to determine intellectual resources of male and female managers. The study included methods traditionally used for intelligence diagnostics, and proved significant differences between general mental capacities, intellectual and mnemic manifestations of male and female managers that eventually affected their management strategy and dynamics. Both men and women over 50 years old were marked with the passivity of thinking and poor attention switch capability. Such persons hardly adapt to any changes of their working practice, are not prone to change the stream of their thought, or switch from one type of activity to another. Their intellectual processes are sluggish, and the pace of work is slowed.
The emotional components of thinking and distractibility are mostly indicative to women at the age of 45 to 50 years old, which means poor commitment to the task.
Perception speed and accuracy, attention distribution and concentration are indicative to male managers at the age of 40 to 45 years old which lets us make a suggestion about having an ability to work with various materials under pressure of time, to highlight the main contents, to compare symbols, numeric characters, etc.
Knowing about gender-based specifics of the intelligence will ensure a psychological aspect of personnel management and promotion.
Keywords: management behavior, gender-specific factors of management, intellectual characteristics of a manager, intellectual abilities, mental flexibility.
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