CREATIVITY ON BATIK ARTIST: A PHENOMENOLOGICAL STUDY
Nur Amin Barokah Asfari
Ms., Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia, firstname.lastname@example.org
Batik is one of Indonesia's cultural heritages. It is made by waxing technique on cloth (Doellah, 2003). Technically, batik is divided into two, by using canting and stamp or called cap. This research will be focused on batik by using canting. This process begins with making of the concept; create the patterns, waxing by canting, coloring, until boiling the cloth. Creativity is needed by a batik artist both on traditional or modern batik. This research will be emphasized on artistic creativity. It is a phenomenological study. Participants in this study are two people with characteristics of batik artists (not only for commercial purposes), making batik, domiciled in Yogyakarta. All participants will be interviewed about creativity based on Torrance Test of Creativity Test (Torrance, 1996), included four elements of creativity: fluid structure, flexibility, originality, and skills to incorporate. The result shows that creativity on batik is used in the concept, technique, and media. In traditional batik, creativity is used to fulfill the standard pattern with stuffing picture/motif. In modern one, creativity is needed more in the concept, making, how batik artists can unite some ideas to be a matching pattern in a cloth. In coloring techniques, creativity is required to produce beautiful colors, by using natural or synthetic materials. The use of natural materials requires a high level of creativity, as more effort is required to produce new colors from limited materials.
|FULL TEXT PDF