THE ROLE OF AGRARIAN REFORM PROGRAM IN RURAL DEVELOPMENT: ANALYSIS OF AGRARIAN REFORM POLICY IN INDONESIA
S.KPm, Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia, email@example.com
Agrarian reform is nothing new in Indonesia. In the 1960s the agrarian reform or better known as land reform was marked by the emergence of UUPA 1960 replacing the Colonial Agrarian Law 1870. However the implementation of land reform is not realized. Afterward now in the reign of Jokowi-JK, agrarian reform became one of the national development priority or known as Nawacita. One of Agrarian reform aims is to decrease inequality in Indonesia. The purpose of this research is to analyze the role of agrarian reform in rural development with observe of synergy between agrarian reform and objective of rural development policy. The method in this paper used descriptive analysis of agrarian reform policy in Indonesia and rural development policy. The result of this research is some agrarian reform priority programs have synergy with the direction of village development policy such as program of arrangement of land ownership and land ownership of agrarian reform toward the direction of policy of sustainable natural resources and environment management, and spatial arrangement of rural area. Then, program of community empowerment in the use, utilization and production of the land object of agrarian reform is synergy toward the direction of village development policy in poverty alleviation and economic business development. The result of this study represent that agrarian reforms has a role in encouraging rural development.
Keywords: Agrarian Reform, Inequality, Rural Development
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