RESILIENCE: PHENOMENOLOGICAL STUDY ON THE CHILD OF PARENTAL DIVORCE AND THE DEATH OF PARENTS
Post Graduate Student in Psychology at Universitas Gadjah Mada
Losing both of parents due to divorce and death is a traumatic event that provides a source of stress in life. Stress sources will be bad for the life of individuals if they do not have the ability to overcome the problems. Individuals need a capability called resilience. Resilience is a capacity to respond in a healthy and productive way when faced with misery or trauma. If the individual has resilience ability then any difficulties can be encountered after the traumatic event will be viewed positively. The purpose of this study was to understand how the dynamics of psychological resilience on the child of parental divorce and the death of parents. Subjects in this study consisted of one person based on typical case sampling. Typical cases raised are divorce and then the death of both parents. The research data was collected using semi-structured interview method. The data analysis used a thematic analysis.
The results of this study indicate that subjects have low resilience ability. This is known based on emerging themes that are adapted to resilience dimensions that Reivich and Shatte (2002) have encountered: problems in regulating emotions, impulse control, optimism, problem-causing analysis, empathy, self-efficacy and reaching out. The low ability to be attributable is caused by factors such as self-acceptance, lack of external support and problems in interpersonal relationships with others. Nevertheless, resilience sources such as subject involvement in social activities have a major effect on rebuilding the subject's view to rise from problems and become more positive individuals.
Keywords: Resilience, divorce of parents, death of parents
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