UNEASINESS OF INCREASING CORRUPTION IN SOUTH AFRICA: AN APPRAISAL
Adewale A. Olutola1* and Paul O. Bello2
1Associate Professor, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Safety and Security Management, Tshwane University of Technology, Republic of South Africa, email@example.com
2Dr, Department of Criminology, University of Kwa Zulu-Natal, Republic of South Africa, BelloP@ukzn.ac.za
Corruption undermines the national security of a state and it makes the citizens to have a diminished trust in the government. This study sought to explore the perception of increasing corruption in South Africa. This secondary data analysis involved the 2014/2015 South African Victims of Crime Survey from Statistics South Africa. Sample size was 24,701 HHs (n= 24,024 individuals). Using interviewer-administered questionnaire, information obtained included socio-demographic data, experience of household crime, perception about the level of corruption in the past three calendar years, satisfaction with police services and trust in the SAPS. Data analysis included descriptive statistics. Of the households surveyed, 75.9% (n=18,785), 11.1% (n=2565) and 13.1% (n=3109) reported that the level of corruption had increased, decreased, and stayed the same respectively in the past three calendar years preceding the survey. A higher population of those who thought that the courts were not performing their duties adequately reported that the level of corruption had increased in the past three years than those who thought the courts were performing their duties adequately (80.48% vs. 74.09%; p<0.001). The higher the level of education, the higher the proportion of respondents who reported that the level of corruption had increased in the past three years. The percentage of respondents who reported that the level of corruption had increased was lower among those who trusted the police than those who did not trust the police (73.5% vs. 83.6%; p<0.001). The findings show that most South Africans believe that the levels of corruption have increased.
Keywords: Corruption, South Africa, courts, education, police.
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